50% of the world population lives in urban areas. This is expected to increase to 60% by 2030. This requires proper urban planning, where building construction and destruction are organised, sewage and garbage disposal is managed and water supplies are well-preserved.
Unplanned urbanisation can lead to many challenges for public health and the epidemiology of infectious diseases. New megacities can be incubators for new epidemics, and zoonotic diseases can spread in a more rapid manner and become worldwide threats. Inadequate water supplies, as well as sanitation and waste management, can provide a breeding ground for different rodents and insects, which carry pathogens and soil-transmitted helminth infections.
Cooperation between pest management professionals and public authorities can be a powerful partnership to improve global health and decrease the burden of communicable diseases.
They should work together towards 1) disaster-risk preparedness, 2) pest reduction and management strategies, and 3) climate and disaster-resilient approaches.